Type 2 Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a form of diabetes. In people with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes too little insulin. In addition, the body can not absorb insulin properly.

The lack of insulin the body can not make good sugar from the blood. And providing low too much sugar in the blood (hyperglycaemia).

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Type 2 Diabetes?

How do you notice that you have type 2 diabetes? People with type 2 diabetes have one or more of these signs and symptoms:
  1. Much thirst and excessive urination.
  2. Dry mouth.
  3. Tiredness.
  4. Last Eye: blurred vision, red eyes.
  5. Sores that heal poorly.
  6. Difficulty walking, you come soon shortness of breath or pain in your legs.
  7. Infections often recur.

Other Diseases In Diabetes

People who for years have diabetes, can get other diseases out there, such as:
  1. heart and vascular disease ;
  2. kidney disorders;
  3. eye problems (diabetic retinopathy);
  4. foot problems and urinary incontinence by neuropathies.
  5. stiff and painful joints in the hands, feet, knees, hips and shoulders.
The kidney and heart problems diabetes can be life threatening. By healthy life and keep you well to treatment, you reduce the risk of these additional diseases.

Other diseases and problems that people with diabetes are more likely to:
  1. Someone with diabetes can sometimes get hypoglycaemia (a 'hypo'). This is a side effect of certain medications for diabetes.
  2. Depression. People with diabetes are twice as likely to have depression as those without diabetes. Why that is, is not yet clear.
  3. Erectile dysfunction. Almost half of men with diabetes have erectile dysfunction. Cause? For an erection there must be additional blood to the penis. But by fluctuating blood sugar levels can damage blood vessels are.
  4. Less interest in sex. This may be due to fluctuating blood sugar levels, but also by other causes. Such as stress or depression.
  5. Pain during intercourse. Because of the diabetes, the vagina becomes more difficult moist. That can make sex painful.
  6. In men: a "dry orgasm". Ejaculation do not come out, but falls into the bladder. Some men feel the orgasm than less. Here are medicines.
  7. Women with diabetes are more likely a vaginal yeast infection or a bladder infection. This is because their vagina sometimes has a different acidity.

How Do You Get Type 2 Diabetes?

 the body can not absorb insulin properly Type 2 Diabetes: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

Causes of type 2 diabetes:
  1. Obesity and low physical activity. Often someone already suffering from the metabolic syndrome before he gets diabetes.
  2. Type 2 diabetes could be caused by aging. The pancreas then works less well.
The disease is zef not hereditary, but the predisposition to get the disease does. Do you have type 2 diabetes, there is a possibility of two out of ten that your child gets type 2 diabetes. Both parents have type 2 diabetes, the chances are even greater.

How Does The Doctor That You Have Diabetes?

Your doctor takes a drop of blood from your finger to determine if you have diabetes. They thereby measuring how high your blood sugar.

It is possible that the doctor is doing the test, at two moments:
  1. At a time when you're sober. You may not exceed eight hours in advance eat or drink anything except water.
  2. Half to two hours after a meal.
Perhaps you should also have a blood sample. Let your doctor check the blood in a laboratory.

What Is The Treatment For Type 2 Diabetes?

The treatment of diabetes aims to keep blood sugar levels steady. This can be done several ways:
  1. The important thing is that you adhere to certain rules of life: healthy exercise, a healthy weight, a healthy diet and quitting smoking.
  2. Is your blood sugar despite the fact that after three months of not stable? Then you get medication to lower blood sugar.
  3. Healthy living and medications do not help, you need insulin injections, like people with type 1 diabetes.
  4. At high blood pressure, you also get antihypertensive medications (ACE inhibitors).
A diabetic diet is not as tough as you may think. You can eat almost anything. You also need to use any special products for diabetics. The key is how often you eat and how much. Especially, do not eat too much carbohydrates per meal.
Eat In addition, as little as possible of saturated fat. Saturated fat is for example whole milk, butter and fatty meats.
You will receive a dietician dieting advice outlining what you should eat per meal.

Do you have type 2 diabetes and obesity? Then you get an energy-restricted diet. Once you've lost weight, you will have much less affected by diabetes.

It is important that you are properly set up. Set means that your diet, medication and exercise are just right for you.

Living With Type 2 Diabetes

The most important thing when diabetes is that you eat regularly and moves, that you have your diet and that you regularly check your blood sugar levels.

You can check your blood sugar levels daily with a blood glucose test. You will take a drop of blood on a test strip. A blood glucose meter reads the test strip off and measure how high or low your blood sugar is. If necessary, adjust your medications and/or your diet. This is called self-regulation.
A diabetes nurse or a nurse of the cross Association you will learn how to self-monitoring and self-regulation.

Regular exercise improves your condition. It reduces your diabetes, overweight and keeps your blood vessels healthy. You can get a hypo during exertion. Always what grape sugar and prefer not only sport.

Furthermore, for diabetics important prevent infections. An infection often causes fever and that disturbs the sugar level. Why get a flu shot every year.

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