Symptoms And Causes Of Acne - Health Article

Symptoms And Causes Of Acne

What is acne? 

The skin contains glands that sebum (an oily protective dust) to create. When the glands become blocked or inflamed, creates pimples. This is called acne.
Especially in people between 15 and 25 years is acne, but also later in life may occur.

It is a harmless skin condition, which does quite a difficult and annoying it can be.

What are the symptoms of acne? 

Acne pimples occur on the face, back, shoulders or chest. Characteristic of acne are blackheads (comedones). There will be a white bump on the sebaceous gland. This is a build-up of sebum. Later that point can be black. When the sebaceous gland becomes inflamed, a red pimple occurs often end a yellow puskop. Sometimes acne scars can give.

What causes acne?

Almost everyone gets pimples during puberty. The one has more or more often than the other. Why we do not know exactly.
Hormone changes during puberty will ensure that:

-The sebaceous glands in the skin produce more sebum to create.
-The upper layer of the skin thickens.
-The glands can be damaged by too much sebum and skin flakes clogged.
-A blackhead can occur, which can then become infected.

Certain medications (some steroids, anticonvulsants and antidepressants) can worsen the acne.

Heredity plays a minor role in causing acne.

 When the glands become blocked or inflamed Symptoms And Causes Of Acne

Acne is not created by:

-washing too little
-certain food
-sexual habits

Advice for acne 

Rest for your skin 
Let your skin as much as possible alone. Wash your skin with lukewarm water. And then gently pat skin dry. Excessive washing, rubbing and massaging is unwise. It irritates the skin and does not help.

By squeezing, and scratching can express new pimples and scars occur. Only open blackheads you can possibly express cautious with the side of your fingers (not your nails). Or with comedones-quetscher (a mini spoon with a hole in the center, available at drugstores). Was for expressing your skin with lukewarm water.

No make-up 
Avoid using makeup. Cosmetics may contain substances that promote the formation of acne. If you do use cosmetics, choose water-based products. Also cleansing creams or hair wax (against frizzy hair) can worsen the acne.

A link between diet and acne has never been demonstrated. Follow a special diet therefore has no sense.

Also, sunlight does not help against acne. In a humid environment (tropics) with sunlight may even worsen the acne. Or sunlamps help is unclear.

It may be that you feel insecure or unhappy because of all the pimples. Whether you're ashamed of you and there is gloomy. Then try to talk about it with someone you know. Of course you can also come to the surgery to talk about it.

Medications for Acne

Acne eventually heals always easy. The following resources help reduce symptoms:

Benzoyl peroxide 
Benzoyl peroxide 5% (mostly as gel) helps pimples with redness and yellow puskopjes. It works in three ways:
1  It is the thickening of the top layer of skin against.
2  It inhibits inflammation.
3  It inhibits the growth of bacteria.

Bleaching action
The gel has a bleaching effect on hair, textiles (clothes) and metal (eyeglasses and jewelry). Avoid close contact with sunlight and UV radiation.

Benzoyl peroxide can be bought at pharmacies and drugstores. The agent will not be reimbursed, even with a prescription.

Tretinoin cream 
Tretinoin cream or lotion is available in different strengths. It helps blackheads (with white or black dots) and pimples with redness and yellow puskopjes. If your skin is very sensitive, you take a lesser cream or lotion.

Not become pregnant
If you are using this medicine, you should avoid becoming pregnant. During pregnancy and breast-feeding you should not use this drug.

Tretinoin is available only by prescription. A new drug similar to this is adapalene.

What next for acne?

Treating acne comes incrementally. It is important that you stick with the treatment. Four to six weeks after you have started with benzoyl peroxide or tretinoin (or adapalene), you check with your doctor how it goes.

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